I owe a great deal of gratitude to the tireless academics, writers, and artists who informed my work over the past 15 years. The below is a running list of sources taken from both western and Uzbek specialists. To the best of my ability I have cited their work throughout the post presented on The Uzbek Modernist:


Shodman Vohidov and Rahbar Khalikova’s work on Khulosat Ul-Akhval or Circumstances of Life by Abu Ubaidullah Tashkenti in Moziydan Sado, 2009 2.42. Text taken from ( Institute of Oriental Studies, Academy of Sciences no 2084).

Scott C. Levi and Ron Sela, Islamic Central Asia: An Anthology of Historical Sources (Indiana University Press, Bloomington, December 2009)

Fred Starr, Lost Enlightenment: Central Asia’s Golden Age from the Arab Conquest to Tamerland (Princeton University Press, Princeton, June, 2015)

Zahiruddin Muhmmad Babur, W.M. Thackston-translator, The Baburnama (Modern Library, September, 2002)

See Yuri Bregel, Beatrice Forbes Manz, Steven Dale in The Cambridge History of Inner Asia, The Chinggisid Age ( Cambridge University Press: London, 2015)

Daniel Brower, Turkestan and the Fate of the Russian Empire ( Routledge: New York, 2003)

Habibullah Qoddiry, Otamdan Hotira (Tashkent: 2005)

Serge Zinkovsky, Pan Turkism and Islam in Russia (Harvard University Press: Cambridge, 1960)

Timur K. Beisembiev, The Life of Alimqul (Routledge, New York, 2003)

Laleh Bakhtiar, Encyclopedia of Islamic Law: A Compendium of Major Schools (ABC International Group,1996)

Helene Carrere d’Encausse, Islam and the Russian Empire, Reform and Revolution in Central Asia (I.B. Tauris, London, New York, 2009)

Gregory J. Massell, The Surrogate Proletariat (Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1974)

Allen Frank, Jahangir Mamatov, Dictionary of Central Asian Islamic Terms ( Dunwoody Press, Springfield, 2002)

Edward Allworth, The Personal History of a Bukharan Intellectual: The Diary of Muhammad-Sharif-I Sadr-I Ziya (Brill, Leiden, Boston, —-)

Edward Allworth, Uzbek Literary Politics ( Mouton and Co., London, The Hague, Paris, 1964)

Edward Allworth, The Modern Uzbeks (Hoover Instituion Press, Stanford, 1990)

Edward Allworth, Evading Reality, The Devices of ‘Abdalrauf Fitrat, Modern Central Asian Reformist (Brill, Leiden, Boston, Koln, 2002)

Fredrick Starr, Ferghana Valley, The Heart of Central Asia (M.E. Sharpe, New York, 2011)

Devin DeWeese, Islamization and Native Religion in the Golden Horde ( The Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park, 1994)

Itzchak Weismann, The Naqshbandiya, Orthodoxy and Activism in a Worldwide Sufi Tradition (Routledge, New York, 2007)

UNESCO Publishing, History of Civilizations of Central Asia, Vol. V (UNESCO Publishing, 2003)

Charles Kurzman, Modernist Islam 1840-1940 (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2002)

Alexandre Bennnigsen, S. Enders Wimbush, Mystics and Commisars, Sufism in the Soviet Union (University of California Press, 1985)

Bernard Lewis, Music of a Distant Drum (Princeton University Press, Princeton, 2002)

Shoshana Keller, To Moscow, Not Mecca (Praeger, Westport, London, 2001)

Paul Stronski, Tashkent, Forging a Soviet City, 1930-1966 (University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, 2010)

Karl Schlogel, Moscow 1937 (Polity Press, Cambridge, 2012)

Edward Allworth editor, Central Asia, 130 Years of Russian Dominance, A Historical Overview, 3rd ed. (Duke University Press, Duke, 1999)

Vitaly V. Naumkin, Radical Islam in Central Asia, Between Pen and Rifle (Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Lanham, 2005)

Jeff Sahadeo, Russian Colonial Society in Tashkent, 1865-1923 (Indiana University Press, Bloomington, 2007)

Adeeb Khalid, The Politics of Muslim Cultural Reform, Jadidism in Central Asia (University of California Press, Berkeley, 1998)

L.J. Newby, The Empire and the Khanate (Brill Publishing, Leiden, 2005)

Stephen Dale, The Garden of Eight Paradises, Babur and the Culture of Empire in Central Asia, Afghanistan and India (1483-1530) (Brill Publishing, Leiden, 2004)

Anton Chehov, translated by Sharon Marie Carnicke (Hackette Publishing, Indianapolis, Cambridge, 2010)

Eugene Schuyler, Turkistan, Notes of Journey in Russian Turkistan, Khokand, Bukhara and Kuldja V.1 and V.2, (Scribner and Co., New York, 1877)

Francis Henry Bennet Skrine, Edward Denison Ross, The Heart of Asia (Elibron Classics Series, London, 2004)

Timur Dadabaev, Identity and Memory in Post-Soviet Central Asia (Routledge, London, 2016)

Adeeb Khalid, Making Uzbekistan: Nation, Empire, and Revolution in the Early USSR (Cornell Press, New York, 2015)

The Rise and Fall of Khoqand, 1709-1876: Central Asia in the Global Age (Central Eurasia in Context) (University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, 2017)